福德正神彩票主页

贫困地区茶叶绿色高质高效技术模式

发布时间: 2020-06-30 信息来源:福德正神彩票主页_福德正神彩票下载-官方认证 字体: 【

福德正神彩票主页 YI、KEXUEDAPEICHASHUPINZHONG

福德正神彩票主页SHOUXIANKAOLVSUOXUANPINZHONGSHIFOUSHIYINGBENDIQUQIHOUHUANJINGTIAOJIAN,GAOWEIDU、GAOHAIBA、DONGJIWENDUDIRONGYIFASHENGDONGHAIDECHAQU,YINGXUANZEKANGHANLIQIANGDECHASHUPINZHONG;QICIYINGKAOLVSUOSHENGCHANCHALEIDEXUQIU,SHENGCHANHONGCHA、LVCHAHUOWULONGCHAYINGFENBIEXUANZEXIANGYINGSHIZHIDECHASHULIANGZHONG。TICHANGXUANYONGWUXINGXICHASHULIANGZHONG,DONGJIYANHANHEGAOHAIBACHAQUKEXUANYONGXINGZHUANGXIANGDUIYIZHIDEYOULIANGYOUXINGXILIANGZHONG。GUIMOCHAYESHENGCHANJIDIYINGBIMIANPINZHONGDANYIHUA,YINGHELIDAPEIBUTONGMENGFAQI、BUTONGCHALEISHIZHIXINGDELIANGZHONG,BIANYUDUOCHALEIKAIFA,SHIYINGSHICHANGXUQIUBIANHUA。

二、茶园管理

(YI)CHAYUANTURANGGUANLI

JIEHEZHUIFEIHUOCHUCAOMEINIANJINXING2-3CIQIANGENG,SHENDU5LIMI-10LIMI,KESHIYONGXIAOXINGXUANGENGJIJINXING。ZAIQUANNIANCHAJIJIESHUSHIJINXINGSHENGENG,SHENDUYINGDA15LIMIYISHANG,DANBUCHAOGUO30LIMI,KUANDUYI40LIMI-50LIMIWEIYI,BUYAOKAOJINCHASHUGENJINGBUWEI,YIBANYUSHIJIFEIJIEHEJINXING。

CHAYUANKEJIANZUOTIAOZI、ZIYUNYING、HUANGHUAMUXU、BAISANYECAO、SHUMAOCAODENGLVFEI,YEKEJIANZUODADOU、LVDOU、CANDOU、WANDOU、LUODUNDOU、YOUCAI、LUOBU、LAJIAO、TUDOU、HONGSHU、YUMIDENGNONGZUOWU。JIANZUOLVFEIZAIQISHENGWULIANGZUIDASHIJINXINGYIGE,NONGZUOWUSHOUQUSHOUHUOWU(RUZILIHUOKUAIGEN)HOU,JIANGQITASHENGWUZHILIUZAICHAYUAN,FUGAIYUDIBIAOHUOFANRUTURANG。

YONGDAOCAO、MAIGAN、DOUJIE、YOUCAIGAN、LVFEI、MAIQIAO、DOUQIAO、CAIZIQIAOHELUOYE、SHUPI、MUXIEDENG,JUNYUNTANFANGZAICHAXINGJIAN,FUGAIHOUDUYIBANWEI8LIMI-10LIMI。YIFANGHANZENGWENWEIZHUSHI,ZAITURANGDONGJIEZHIQIANJINXINGPUCAO;YIFANGHANWEIZHUSHI,ZAIGANHANJIJIEKAISHIZHIQIAN,TURANGSHUIFENBIJIAOCHONGZUDESHIHOUJINXINGPUCAO。

(二)茶园施肥

福德正神彩票主页YIDANWEIZHU,PEISHILINJIA,JIANGUZHONGWEILIANGYUANSU,PINGHENGYINGYANGGONGYING。MINGYOULVCHACHAYUANQUANNIANDANFEI(ANCHUNDANJI,XIATONG)SHIYIYONGLIANG13GONGJIN-20GONGJIN/MU,DAZONGCHA(HEICHA)CHAYUANQUANNIANDANFEIYONGLIANG20GONGJIN-30GONGJIN/MU,TEBIEGAOCHANCHAYUAN(GANCHACHANLIANG≥250GONGJIN/MU)ZUIGAOBUCHAOGUO35GONGJIN/MU,HONGCHACHAYUANQUANNIANDANFEIYONGLIANG13GONGJIN-20GONGJIN/MU,WULONGCHACHAYUANQUANNIANDANSUYONGLIANG13GONGJIN-30GONGJIN/MU。LINFEI(ANP2O5JI)YONGLIANG4GONGJIN-6GONGJIN/MU,JIAFEI(ANK2OJI)YONGLIANG4GONGJIN-9GONGJIN/MU,MEIFEI(MgO)YONGLIANG1.3GONGJIN-3GONGJIN/MU。JUTIYONGLIANGANZHAOTURANGFENXIJIEGUOSHIDANGDIAOZHENG。

三、病虫草害绿色防控

福德正神彩票主页ZUNXUN“YUFANGWEIZHU,ZONGHEFANGZHI”YUANZE,GENJUCHAYUANBINGCHONGCAOHAIDEFASHENGWEIHAITEDIANJIWUHAIHUAFANGZHIYAOQIU,ZONGHEYUNYONGNONGYEFANGZHI、WULIFANGZHI、SHENGWUFANGZHIDENGLVSEFANGKONGJISHU,JINLIANGJIANSHAOHUAXUENONGYAODESHIYONG。

(一)防治食叶类害虫

NONGYEFANGZHI。DUICHAMAOCHONG、CHAHEIDUE,ZAI11YUEZHICINIAN2YUERENGONGZHAICHUYUEDONGLUANKUAI;DUIDASUOE、CHASUOE、HESUOEDENGMUBIAOMINGXIANDEHAICHONG,JISHIZHAICHUCHONGNANG,JIZHONGCHULI。DUIYUHUICHACHIHUO、JIAOXIONGYEJIA、CHALIWENXIANGJIADENGBIAOTUZHONGYUEDONGDEHAICHONG,JIEHEQIUDONGJISHENGENGSHIJIFEI,JIANGBIAOTUZHONGDECHONGYONG(LUAN),FANDAODIBIAOHUOSHENMAISHASI。

WULIFANGZHI。SHISHIDENGGUANGYOUSHA,DUIHUICHACHIHUO、CHAMAOCHONG、CHAJUANYEE、HUANGCIE、BIANLAEHEJINGUIZIDENGHAICHONGDECHENGCHONG,YIZAI2YUEZHI10YUESHIYONGZHAIBOLEDSHACHONGDENGYOUSHA,YADIHAICHONGZHONGQUNSHULIANG。MEI20MUCHAYUANSHEZHIYIZHANSHACHONGDENG,DENGGAOCHUCHAPENG60LIMI-70LIMI,MEIWAN18: 00-24: 00KAIDENG。SHISHIXINGXINXISUYOUSHA,DUIHUICHACHIHUO、CHAMAOCHONG、CHAXIAOJUANYEE、CHAXIEWEIHAIJIAOZHONGDECHAYUAN,KEZAI4-10YUE,MEIMUSHEZHI4TAOYOUBUQIYOUSHACHENGCHONG。

SHENGWUFANGZHI。BAOHUHELIYONGYOUYISHENGWU,CHAYUANHELIJIANZUOFANGXIANGZHIWU、ZHONGZHISHUMU、XINGJIANPUCAO,WEIZHIZHU、CAOLING、PIAOCHONG、JISHENGFENG、BUSHIMANDENGTIANDICHUANGZAOLIANGHAODEQIXI、FANZHITIAOJIAN,JIANSHAORENWEIYINSUDUITIANDIDESHANGHAI。YINGYONGJISHENGFENGHUOJISHENGFENGXIEDAIBINGDU(MEIMU6DAI)FANGZHICHAMAOCHONG、HUICHACHIHUODENGLINCHIMUHAICHONG。DUIHUICHACHIHUO、CHAMAOCHONG、CHAHEIDUEYOUCHONG2LINGQIAN,YINGYONGNONGDU5×106PIB/HAOSHENGHEXINGDUOJIAOTIBINGDU、50000IU/HAOKESUYUNJINGANJUN60KE-90KE/MU、100YIBAOZI/HAOSHENGDUANWENGANJUN800BEIYEHUO0.6%KUCANJIAN500-600BEIYEFANGZHI。YINGYONGBINGDUFANGZHIYIZAIHAICHONGDIYI、ERDAIYOUCHONGFASHENGQIJINXING。

福德正神彩票主页KEXUEYONGYAO。DANGCHAYUANHAICHONGCHAOGUOFANGZHIZHIBIAOQIEWEINENGYOUXIAOKONGZHISHI,YOUXIANZHIDISHIYONGGAOXIAO、DIDU、DICANLIU、DISHUIRONGJIEDUDENONGYAO。RU24%CHONGMANJINGXUANFUJI1500-1800BEIYEHUO15%YINCHONGWEIRUYOU2500BEIYEJINXINGFANGZHI。

(二)防治吸汁性害虫

NONGYEFANGZHI。FENPI、DUOCI、JISHICAIZHAI,YIZHICHAXIAOLVYECHAN、CHACHENGYINGMAN、CHAYA、CHAXIAOJUANYEEDENGHAICHONGFASHENG,SUIYAYEDAIZOUCHONGLUANHEDILINGRUO(YOU)CHONG,JIANGDICHONGKOUMIDU。SHISHIXIUJIAN,JIANQINGWEIHAI。

WULIFANGZHI。SHISHISEBANYOUSHA,DUICHAXIAOLVYECHAN、JIMA、HEICIFENSHI、YACHONG、CHAWANGCHUNDENGYOUQUHUANGLVSETEXINGDEHAICHONG,ZAICHAPENGSHEZHIJINGZHUNZHANCHONGSEBANYOUSHA。SEBANGAOYUCHAPENGMIAN20LIMI,MEIMU25-30ZHANG。

SHENGWUFANGZHI。ZAISHIDUJIAODADECHAQUHUOJIJIE,KEYONGNONGDU800WANBAOZI/HAOSHENGBAIJIANGJUNXISHIYEFANGZHICHAXIAOLVYECHAN、CHAWANGCHUN。DUICHAXIAOLVYECHAN、JIMADENG,KEYONG30%CHAZAOSUSHUIJI300-500BEIYEFANGZHI,JIANGE7TIAN,ZAIYONGYAO1CI。DUIHEICIFENSHI、MANLEI、JIELEIDENGHAICHONGJIAODUODECHAYUAN,YIZAIQIUJIFENGYUANHOUPENSHI45%JINGTISHILIUHEJI300-500BEIYE。

KEXUEYONGYAO。DADAOFANGZHIZHIBIAO,PENSHI24%CHONGMANJINGXUANFUJI1500-1800BEIYEFANGZHICHAXIAOLVYECHAN、JIMA、HAIMANDENGXIZHIHAICHONG(MAN);PENSHI15%YINCHONGWEIRUYOU2500BEIYE、22%SAICHONGQIN·GAOXIAOLVFUQINGJUZHIWEINANGXUANFU-XUANFUJI6000BEIYEFANGZHICHAXIAOLVYECHAN。

(三)防治叶部病害

农业防治。实行分批、多次、及时采摘,抑制茶白星病、茶芽枯病等为害芽叶的病害。适度修剪,剪除有病害的枝叶,带出茶园集中处理。

福德正神彩票主页SHENGWUFANGZHI。DUICHABINGBING、CHABAIXINGBING、TANJUBING、LUNBANBING、YUNWENYEKUBINGDENGZHUYAOBINGHAI,FABINGCHUQI,KEXUANZE3%DUOKANGMEISU300BEIYEPENWUFANGZHI。DUIYUBINGHAICHANGFADECHAYUAN,ZAIQIUJIFENGYUANHOUKEPEN0.6%SHIHUIBANLIANGSHIBOERDUOYE。

KEXUEYONGYAO。ZAIFABINGCHUQI,XUANYONG75%BAIJUNQINGKESHIXINGFENJI800-1000BEIYE、250KE/SHENGBIZUOMIJUNZHIRUYOU1000-2000BEIYE、10%BENMIJIAHUANZUOSHUIFENSANLIJI1000-1500BEIYEDENGYAOJIFANGZHI。

(四)防治茎干部和根部病害

DUICHAZHISHAOHEIDIANBINGDENGJINGBUBINGHAI,GENJUBINGQINGSHIDUXIUJIAN,JIANCHUDAIBINGZHITIAOJIZHONGCHULI。DUICHAGENFUBINGDENGGENBUBINGHAI,YINGJISHIPAICHUCHAYUANJISHUI,ZENGSHIYOUJIFEI,ZENGQIANGKANGBINGLI;FAXIANBINGZHU,JISHIKAIGOUYUJIANZHUGELI,FANGZHIBINGJUNMANYAN。

(五)防治杂草

HELIYUNYONGNONGYICUOSHIKONGZHIZACAO,TONGGUOCHAYUANXINGJIANFUGAICHASHUXIUJIANWU、DAOCAODENGJIEGAN,HUOTAOZHONGBAISANYECAO、SHUMAOCAODENG,YIZHIZACAOFASHENGWEIHAI。ZACAODUOFAJIJIE,YINGJISHICAIYONGRENGONGHUOJIXIEFANGCHUZACAO,DUIWEIFENGXINGDECHAYUAN,KETONGGUOXINGJIANFUGAIFANGCAOBUYIZHIZACAODEFASHENG。

福德正神彩票主页QUANGUONONGYEJISHUTUIGUANGFUDEZHENGSHENCAIPIAOZHUYEZHONGXIN NONGYENONGCUNBUCHAYEZHUANJIAZHIDAOZU

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